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Safety Tips for Earthquake



Its not the earthquake which kills but  the buildings which fall after the earthquake kills. If you live in an earthquake prone zone and planning to build a home, consult the construction company and let them know that you want to build an earthquake proof home. No home is 100 percent earthquake proof but you can still build a sturdy earthquake proof home which can withstand up from 7 to 8.5 point Richter's scale earthquakes.

How can you build a Earthquake proof home?
Earthquake proofing of a home includes, reinforcing the foundation, building earthquake proof walls, bolting bookcases to wall studs, installing strong latches for all your cupboards etc.

If your house is close enough to a strong earthquake prone area, it may suffer some structural damage. However, you can take steps to minimize the extent of this damage. By reinforcing the foundation, walls, floors, and roof and by securing your house hold contents, and by doing so you can improve its ability to withstand lateral and vertical forces. Houses that absorb and evenly distribute horizontal shifting fare best in an earthquake.

Around your Home Checklist:
Check all around your house for potential risks, such as old or leaning trees, electrical wires, and power lines close to the house.  All of these has potential risk of falling on the house during a severe seismic activity. Talk to your local municipality to take of these potential hazards.

Consider reinforcing large or irregular canopies or porches to prevent them from separating from the main part of the house.

Tips for securing the stuff inside  the house :

Put non-skid, padded matting under breakables, such as televisions, stereos etc.

Use  safety hangers or closed hooks for pictures and mirrors.

Keep flammable items and household chemicals securely upright and away from heat.

Place valuable items in a fire-resistant place.

Add shatter-resistant film to windows or use tempered or wired safety glass.

If your home is heated by natural gas, use flexible pipe connections for gas appliances. The semi-flexible material will prevent the line from rupturing. Install a seismic-activated gas valve, which shuts off the gas during an earthquakes.

Check with your local utility before making these changes.

When you know earth quake is happening do not panic and do the following:

1) If possible leave the house as soon as possible and stand out in the open space making sure nothing could fall on you there. Drop to the ground. If its not possible to leave quickly then take a shelter under a table, desk or any other strong furniture.

2) Stay away from heavy items and furniture that can fall on you.

3)Stay away from glass windows and doors.

4) If you are driving, stop and stay inside your car. Stay away from tunnels, and bridges.  If possible, do not stop under high rise buildings, trees, light posts, or a mountainous area etc.

5) if you live in an area where there is an ocean or sea near your home and major earthquake had already struck  in your area, consider moving away to higher place or as away as possible from the shore line soonest possible,  as major earthquake can cause tsunamis after it happens.

Main Hazards from Earthquakes are:

Ground Motion / Structural Failure

Ground Failure or Landslides

Tsunamis / coastal flooding

Secondary Hazard in cities are Fires

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